You will have plenty of experience travelling in a train. However, being the world’s largest rail network, railways are also the most popular means of transport in India. Indian Railways is known for its variations. Indian Railways have been designed according to the capacity of each type of passenger. Different types of trains are operated in Indian Railways. Some people enjoy travelling in premium trains, while the majority travel in express trains. Moreover, a large part of the country’s population also travels in the passenger trains of Indian Railways.
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The Indian rail network is one of the largest rail networks in the world. Indian Railways covers about 65,000 km, controls about 11,000 trains and transports 1.5 million employees daily. The average speed of trains running in India ranges from 36 kmph to 112 kmph.
18 Different Types of Trains Operated By Indian Railways
Learn about the 18 different types of trains in India.
1) Rajdhani Express
Rajdhani Express is a passenger rail service of Indian Railways that connects the capital of India to the capital of various states of the country. The Kolkata-New Delhi Rajdhani Express departed from Howrah on March 3, 1969, on its first journey. It is the most premium train of Indian Railways in which all coaches are of fully air-conditioned, i.e., first AC, second ac and third AC.
The speed of Rajdhani Express has increased from 110 kmph to 130 kmph. Trivandrum-Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express covers the distance of 528 km between Vadodara to Kota. It is the longest non-stop train in India. At present, there are 24 Rajdhani Express trains running in the country. They connect New Delhi with the capitals of other Indian states. These trains have fewer halts, and they stop only at major stations in their routes.
2) Shatabdi Express
Shatabdi Express trains are a series of fast plying trains operated by Indian Railways that connect the major, essential and commercial cities of India. The Shatabdi Express operates during the daytime and completes the journey from its origin and destination in a day. It provides only the seating facility for the passengers in which they can book their tickets only in AC chair car. Indian Railways operates 25 pairs of Shatabdi Express trains.
3) Gatimaan Express
Gatimaan Express is the first semi-high speed train in India. Its maximum speed is 160 kilometres per hour. This train runs between Delhi and Jhansi. The train is equipped with LHB coaches, and it operates by a WAP5 electric locomotive engine. The advantage of LHB coach is that in the event of an accident, there is no loss of life or property.
The train has AC chair cars, executive class tickets and luxury coaches, just like airlines. The main objective of the government to run this train is to promote Indian tourism. This train runs all week except Friday. It does not run on Fridays because the Taj Mahal is closed on Fridays.
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4) Vande Bharat Express
Indian Railways’ first indigenous rail, Vande Bharat Express has completed one year of service. The train was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 15 last year and two days later (February 17, 2019) it started its commercial operation from New Delhi to Varanasi.
The Vande Bharat Express running between New Delhi and Varanasi covers the distance in around eight hours. This train runs all days of the week, except on Mondays and Thursdays. The country’s second Vande Bharat Express completes the distance between New Delhi to Katra in 8 hours. This train runs at a speed of 130 kilometres per hour.
5) Duronto Express
The New Delhi Duronto Express is the Superfast Express train that runs between Sealdah and New Delhi. Several Duronto Express trains operate between the metro cities of India and the capitals of big states. The uniqueness of these trains is that, except for technical breaks, they travel from source to destination without stopping. The Duronto Express comes under non-stop trains of the Indian Railways and is known as the fastest and punctual train on the Grand Chord route between metro cities.
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6) Tejas Express
Tejas Express, the country’s first corporate train, has flights-like facilities for passengers. Tejas Express is a semi high-speed Indian Railways train with modern facilities. Its maximum speed is 160 kmph. Tejas Express has many excellent features for passengers such as personal LCD entertainment-cum-information screen with headphones, on-board Wi-Fi, modular bio-toilets, comfortable seats etc.
This train has automatic entry and exit doors similar to the metro network. These doors provide security as they prevent people from climbing and landing until the train is on the platform.
7) Maharaja Express
The Maharaja Express train runs from Agra and takes passengers to Ajanta. It is a premium tourist train of Indian Railways, and many foreign tourist travellers also prefer to travel in this train. In the Maharaja Express, passengers are provided with all kinds of luxury amenities.
The Maharaja Express coaches offer deluxe cabin, junior suite, suite, and presidential suite. Royal kinds of facilities are provided to passengers in deluxe cabins. There are a total of 23 coaches on this train. In this train, 88 passengers can travel comfortably. The minimum fare for a day of this train is Rs 36,000 while the maximum is Rs 112,500.
8) Humsafar Express
Humsafar Express is a fully air-conditioned AC 3-tier train with 16 passenger coaches. In addition to the two coaches of the luggage-cum generator car, there is also one of a pantry car. In this way, a total of 19 coaches are available on the train. It is considered as a premium train of Indian Railways. In Humsafar Express, passengers get facilities which are not present in any train of India. The system of the GPS is available in every coach of this train. Passengers keep getting information about the actual place of the train in the coach.
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9) Samjhauta Express
Samjhauta express is a train running between India and Pakistan. In India, this runs from Delhi to Attari (Shyam Singh railway station) in Punjab. From Attari, It takes the engine of Pakistan Railway to Lahore via Wagah. During this period, Border Security Force personnel monitor it. This train from India used to run twice a week from Old Delhi Railway Station at 11.10 PM on Wednesday and Sunday. A separate platform has also been built at the Old Delhi railway station for this train.
Passengers are subjected to pass through a security check before boarding this train. Only after this, passengers can sit on the train. Samjhauta Express has a total of six Sleeper Coach and one air-conditioned third class (3rd AC) coach. After leaving Delhi, there is no stoppage of this train till Attari. It is said that it is preferred over Rajdhani Express, Shatabdi Express and other significant trains of Indian Railways as there are no delays.
10) Mountain Railways
Mountain railways are train service which provides facilities in mountain areas of India. Indian Railways currently operates at seven mountain train routes throughout the country. Among seven mountain rail routes, three are declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO. These are:
(I) Nilgiri Mountain Railway
Nilgiri mountain railway is a famous world heritage site. Shahrukh Khan’s song ‘Chal Chaiyan-Chaiyan’ was shot on this toy train. Although it is the slowest train in the country, it can only run at a speed of 16 km per hour. The journey of the Nilgiri Mountain Train between Mettupalium to Ooty is fascinating. It crosses through about ten railway stations during the journey.
(II) Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (Toy Train) runs between New Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling. It was declared as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in December 1999. The distance covered by this train is about 78 kilometres. The views outside the train are amazing throughout this journey. A visit to Darjeeling without riding on this train is considered incomplete.
(III) Kalka-Shimla Heritage Track
The historic toy train running on the Kalka-Shimla Heritage track is an easy way to reach Shimla. The route for this toy train was prepared in 1903 itself. It is now a major centre of attraction for tourists visiting Shimla. The train runs on a 96 km long track and covers 20 stations. It takes 5 hours to cover the entire trip of this train. It starts at Kalka near Chandigarh and goes to Shimla. On the way, you can enjoy beautiful natural views on the train.
11) Bullet Train
Japan introduced the bullet train. The speed of this train is its uniqueness. The speed of a bullet train ranges between 200 kilometres per hour to 600 kilometres per hour. India’s first bullet train is being announced from Mumbai to Ahmedabad. Work is under construction for the first bullet train route of India. It is assumed to be completed until 2024.
12) Suvidha Express
The operation of the Suvidha Express is done keeping in mind the passengers who decide to travel at the last minute so that the passengers can get confirmed tickets even during the days of heavy congestion. It is considered as a premium class train of Indian Railways. Only approved and RAC tickets are booked on this train. The coach position of Suvidha Express is as follows – LOCO-EOG-S1-S2-S3-S4-S6-S7-S7-PC-B1-B2-B3-B4-A1-EOG.
13) Uday Express
The first Uday Express started running in June 2018 between Coimbatore and Bengaluru. It is an air-conditioned chair car train. This train mainly operates in areas where the number of passengers is more. The second double-decker Uday Express of Indian Railways is running between Visakhapatnam and Vijayawada in the East Coast Railway zone. Facilities like Wi-Fi, padded seat and display screen have been provided in Uday Express. Another Uday Express is proposed between Bangalore City and Chennai Central. It has nine double-decker coaches.
14) Antyodaya Express
In 2016, former Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu had announced to run Antyodaya Express. At present, 5 Antyodaya Express are running in the country. There is no need to make any reservation for travelling in Antyodaya Express. This train is mainly started for uplifting the weaker section of society.
Facilities in Antyodaya Express
- Filter machine for drinking water
- Vending machine for tea, coffee and milk
- CCTV cameras equipped in every coach
- Bio-toilet facilities in every coach
The monorail is a single rail track. It is also known as an elevated railway system. The monorail was first started in India at Mumbai. A project has been proposed to begin monorail in Pune too.
16) Yuva Express
Former railway minister Mamta Banerjee had announced to run the Yuva Express between Dhanbad and New Delhi for the unemployed youths. In this particular train, the sixty per cent of seats are reserved for the youths of the country. Currently, there are two Yuva express trains running in India.
17) Tram Train
The tramway system operates in Kolkata. It is the only electric tramway system using in Asia. The tram is also called a streetcar as road traffic moves along it.
18) Metro Train
The metro train is also known as Rapid train service. It is like a bus. The first metro in India was started in Kolkata. Then, the first modern metro started in Delhi. In New Delhi, It is considered as a lifeline of the capital city of India. Currently, there are seven cities in India where metro trains are operating.
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