Indian Railway

Indian Railways is huge! It is the 4th largest rail network in the world after USA, China, and Russia. To manage such a large network of trains, Indian Railways has categorized different types of railway stations. This not only makes handling of trains easy but also ensures convenient journey for all passengers. While travelling by train, you must have noticed different names of railway stations containing various suffixes like Cantt, Terminal, Halt, Road, etc. Ever wondered what these different railway station names suggest and why are stations named differently? Learn about different railway station types in India in this blog. Whether you are a frequent traveller or not, you should be aware about the naming standards of railways stations in India. If you are planning to travel in trains, don’t forget to track your train status to make your journey more convenient and efficient.

Road:
Ever wondered why some railway stations have “Road” as a suffix in their names? If you are also the one who is confused about different types of names in Indian Railways stations, then look nowhere else. Read on this blog to know all about junctions, railway stations, terminals, central, and halts. Now you will not be perplexed by the difference between junction and cantt.
Railway stations with “Road” suffix are nearby a small town or a village, but not in the town/village. There are many stations like Bilaspur Road, Nashik Road, Dalhousie Road, Gangapur Road, Bhabhua Road, etc, where the railway line does not pass through the town/village. The line passes through the out-skirts or nearby of the main town. The station, in such cases, will not be in the town/village and the station will be named after the town/village and the word- “Road” will be added as a suffix to it.

Junction:
Looking for the meaning of junction? Or which railway stations can be called a junction? We have it all covered. If there are at least 3 separate routes coming in and out of a station, then a Junction is called. In simpler terms, there should be at least 2 separate routes for trains entering the station to depart. This should not be confused with a single-track station on one side and double-track on the other. In this case, all trains going through the stop can only reach one destination, as their next stop. Junction stations usually have multiple platform faces to allow trains to simultaneously stand at the station for multiple destinations, but this is not required. The basic difference between a junction and terminal is that trains can go in only one direction at terminals whereas trains can go in both directions at junctions.

Recommended Read: UMID Card: Indian Railways Unique Medical Identity Card Scheme

Terminal Station:
Are you looking for the difference between a terminal station and junction in Indian Railways? When the trains can enter and exit the station in only one direction, a station is known as a terminus / terminal. In other words, the tracks end in the opposite direction. A train will exit in the same direction as it has entered. Based on the station’s configuration, this typically helps passengers to access all the platforms without having to cross tracks–the station’s public entrance and the main reception facilities are at the far end of the platforms. Some of the popular terminal stations in India are Anand Vihar Terminal (ANVT), Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT), Bandra Terminus (BDTS), and Rajendra Nagar Terminus (RJPB). Now, you know the meaning of terminal station in Indian Railways. We hope that you understood the difference between a terminal and junction.

Cantt:
If you want to know the meaning of a cantt station in Indian Railways, we have it covered. Cantonment stations are the stations within the Cantt area of a region. A cantt is an area of a city where the army or armed forces are stationed. Cantt. stations are unique due to their proximity to army bases in different cities and thus have facilities that the defense forces can use for their needs such as logistics, squad transfer, troop movement etc. Many of India’s cantt stations are small stations with limited train stops, including Delhi Cantt, Meerut Cantt etc. If you are planning to travel by train in the near future, then don’t forget to order food online with us.

Station:
A railway station, train station or simply station is a place where trains stop and take passengers or freight. There can be multiple platforms on a single railway station to hold several trains at the same time. It usually consists of at least one platform on the track side and a station building (depot) offering ancillary facilities such as ticket sales, waiting rooms and baggage / freight service. The biggest railway station in terms of number of platforms is the Grand Central Terminal in New York, USA. If we talk about the largest railway station in terms of the length of platform, then it is Gorakhpur railway station in Uttar Pradesh, India. Now that you know the difference between a station and junction, you will not be confused anymore. Read on to know more about the difference between a railway station and central.

Halt:
People often wonder about the difference between halt and railway station or how railway stations are different from halt stations. So, your queries will be answered here. Halt station is a type of stop where any train carrying a passenger is scheduled to stop for a given period of time. Usually all trains run on a clear line basis, if a clear line from the next station is granted, the train at that station does not have to be stopped and can be traveled from that station, but if any particular train is scheduled to stop at that station, it will be stopped for a long time. Such stops are advertised in public timetables, so we can check with train name or number that through stops will be at the stations of the train. The basic difference between halt and railway station is that most trains do not stop at halts but they stop at railway stations. Now check the accurate train time table with Railrestro to plan your journey in an efficient manner.

Central Station:
Do you know how many central stations are there in India? Or which railway stations are called Central stations? A Central is the busiest and most important station in a city, which has multiple stations. It deals with a large number of arrivals and departures. Such stations may be the oldest, so they are called central. During the second half of the nineteenth century, central stations or central railway stations arose as railway stations that were initially constructed on the outskirts of the city centers were enveloped by urban growth and became an integral part of the city centers themselves. As a result, “Central Station” is sometimes, but not always, part of the proper name for a central railway station. Now that you know the difference between a central and junction, you can understand why there are different naming standards for railways stations in India.

There are 5 Central stations in India:

  1. Mumbai Central (BCT)
  2. Chennai Central (MAS)
  3. Trivandrum Central (TVC)
  4. Mangalore Central (MAQ), and
  5. Kanpur Central (CNB)

These terminologies are fixed as per the functioning and operational aspects of Indian Railways. So, next time if your train passes through stations or halts, do not be confused of these terms and reasons behind them.

Recent Posts


Author: Rohit Choubey


Rohit is an avid guest blogger as well an eminent digital marketeer. He has immense passion towards food blogging. His hobbies include travelling, cooking and watching movies. He is the content analyst at RailRestro